Macro photography takes us on a captivating journey into the hidden beauty of the small world around us. However, diving into the details also means facing unique challenges. From dealing with a narrow focus range to using light effectively, mastering these challenges can take your macrophotography to new heights.

In this blog post, I´ll share valuable tips and tricks, gained through years of experience, to help you enhance your macrophotography skills.


The microscopic depth of field in macro photography presents a considerable hurdle. As we magnify our subjects through the lens, we inadvertently magnify every minuscule movement — the gentle sway of the environment, the subtle shifts in the subject, and even our own breathing.

Allow me to share my method, one that might prove helpful in your pursuits:

  1. Manual Focus Setup: Initiate by configuring the camera or lens to manual focus mode.
  2. Magnification Decisions: Deliberate on the level of magnification you wish to employ, determining the desired size of your subject within the frame.
  3. Thoughtful Composition: Compose the shot conscientiously, considering not only the subject but also the contextual elements in the surroundings.
  4. Precision in Movement: Now, with the scene set, begin the meticulous dance of moving ever so slightly back and forth, aligning the viewfinder to match the plane of focus with the specific portion of the subject you wish to emphasize.
  5. The Crucial Moment: Once you’ve achieved this delicate alignment, hold your breath and gently capture the shot, freezing that fleeting moment in the perfect frame.

Through these steps, we navigate the challenge of macro photography, striving for that ideal shot where every intricate detail is impeccably in focus, revealing the beauty of the subject in all its small-scale grandeur.

One of the primary challenges encountered in macrophotography lies in the limited depth of field. While adjusting the aperture settings can help to some extent, there’s another crucial technique at our disposal to tackle this issue: maintaining parallelism.

In macro photography, achieving the desired depth of field is a delicate balance. In addition to adjusting the aperture, employing the principle of parallelism proves to be highly effective. It involves aligning the essential parts of the subject parallel to the focal plane. However, when you aim to capture the entire subject in sharp focus, you must carefully maneuver and find the optimal angle that aligns your subject parallel to the focal plane.

This strategic use of parallelism allows us to overcome the inherent limitations of shallow depth of field in macrophotography, empowering us to capture the subject in intricate detail and clarity across its entire form. It’s a technique that requires precision and skill, but it significantly enhances the overall quality and impact of our macrophotographic compositions.

In macro photography, employing a flash is incredibly beneficial as it enables us to effectively freeze the movements of both the subjects, such as animals, and our own movements while capturing the shot. Enhancing the quality of the flash is vital, and using a diffuser is a great technique to soften and diffuse the flashlight, creating a more gentle and enveloping illumination.

Mastering the art of combining natural light with the use of flash is a crucial skill. This approach allows for achieving results that appear natural and harmonious, seamlessly blending the benefits of both light sources. By understanding how to balance and synchronize these elements, we can create macro photographs that are not only technically precise but also artistically captivating, capturing the essence of the subject in a truly authentic manner.

The use of flash with a diffuser is important for several reasons.
In first place, when we are doing macro photography, we are really close to the subjects, and if the subjects are animals, we are reducing the impact of the flash
on them. Then, as I mentioned before, using a diffuser on our flash we are making our source of light bigger, which means that light will be softer. And because it is also diffused by the translucent surface, the light is more even and enveloping. Then, if we want soft light with darker shadows on one side of our subject, we must use a large light source placed very close to the subject. If we want a soft light, but we want shadows to form only behind our subject, we must use a large light
source placed further away from the subject .

Avoid becoming overly fixated on achieving a specific depth of field in your macro photography. While depth of field is important, the most captivating and artistic aspects of macro photography often emerge from the moods and emotions conveyed through intentional blurring. It’s in these blurs that the true essence of a subject can be beautifully encapsulated, allowing for a more evocative and atmospheric image that speaks to the viewer on a deeper level. So, embrace the creative potential that blurs offer in macro photography, as they can be a powerful tool in crafting visually stunning and emotionally resonant images.

Light serves as our fundamental medium in photography; indeed, without light, a photograph ceases to exist. However, light is not merely a necessity—it’s a versatile tool that enables us to craft, manipulate, and infuse mood into our compositions, fostering creativity and artistry.

When we venture into off-camera flash techniques, a whole new realm of possibilities unfolds. By skillfully maneuvering the direction of the light, we unlock the potential to transform the same subject into entirely distinct frames. This manipulation grants us the ability to explore a diverse array of compositions, adding a dynamic dimension to our photography.

Whether it’s enhancing the drama of a scene, highlighting specific features, or creating a soft, ethereal ambiance, mastering the art of playing with light off-camera grants us the power to imbue our photographs with an artistic touch. In essence, light becomes not only the foundation of our craft but a key brushstroke in painting the narrative of our visual stories.